Billy Bourke


Billy Bourke

Professor of Paediatrics

Professor Bourke qualified in Medicine from University College Dublin (UCD) in 1988, and received his MD from UCD in 1995. He trained in The Mater Hospital, Dublin, Our Lady’s Children’s Hospital, Crumlin, and The Rotunda, before pursuing a Fellowship in Paediatric Gastroenterology in The Hospital for Sick Children/University of Toronto. He was appointed Consultant Paediatric Gastroenterologist in Our Lady’s Children’s Hospital, Crumlin in 1997.

Professor Bourke’s main laboratory research interest is in infectious diarrhoeal diseases of childhood, and his group focuses particularly on Campylobacter jejuni, a major human intestinal pathogen and the most common cause of bacterial gastroenteritis. Together with a group of close collaborators that includes Professor Ulla Knaus, Dr Marguerite Clyne, and Dr Tadhg O’Croinin at UCD, and the National Children’s Research Centre, Professor Bourke has developed an internationally competitive infection biology research programme that has close collaborative ties with leading national and international scientists in the area of Campylobacter pathogenesis.

Professor Bourke also has an established track record in clinical epidemiology research on digestive diseases of childhood. Together with Dr Marion Rowland, a clinical epidemiologist recognised internationally for her work on the epidemiology of H. pylori, he has a major research interest in the epidemiology of cystic fibrosis-associated liver disease. These studies, funded by grants from the Health Research Board and the National Children’s Research Centre, have focussed on understanding the population incidence and risk factors for the development of liver disease, and its complications among Irish children with cystic fibrosis.

Professor Bourke also collaborates closely with Dr Séamus Hussey, who has set up the DOCHAS project, an ambitious translational research programme that aims to define the epidemiology and biology of Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis in Irish children.

Billy Bourke

Professor of Paediatrics

Dr Letal Salzberg
Position: Senior Post Doctoral Researcher
letal.salzberg@ucd.ie

Role:
Letal is studying the biology of Campylobacter jejuni in particular with regard to the alteration of bacterial tyrosine phosphorylation during infection.

Role:
Emily is a paediatric gastroenterologist in training, who studies Crohn’s disease-associated fibrosis

Lucy Connolly
Position: PhD Student

Role:
Lucy is studying the clinical outcomes and associations of cystic fibrosis liver disease (CFLD)

Role:
Jennifer is evaluating the longitudinal nutritional and clinical status of children with CFLD

Reactive oxygen species targeting the bacterial phosphotyrosine network as defence strategy against mucosal pathogens (NCRC)

We are looking at how reactive oxygen species released by human intestinal cells help protect the gut by disabling bacteria and interfering with their ability to cause infection

Connecting ROS to fibrosis in Crohn’s disease. (HRB)

This study combines research on paediatric specimen with animal studies to understand the redox-initiated progression from chronic inflammation to fibrotic strictures in Crohn’s disease.

Natural History of Cystic Fibrosis Liver Disease – Refining the Phenotype (HRB)

This is a long-term project that has been determine the incidence, severity and outcome of liver disease in Irish children with cystic fibrosis



The list of publications below is automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed. As a result, there may be incorrect or missing publications.

Dolan B, Burkitt-Gray L, Shovelin S, Bourke B, Drumm B, Rowland M, Clyne M, 2018 Mar, The use of stool specimens reveals Helicobacter pylori strain diversity in a cohort of adolescents and their family members in a developed country. Int J Med Microbiol, DOI: 10.1016/j.ijmm.2017.11.005
Stenke E, Bourke B, Knaus U, 2017, Crohn's Strictures-Moving Away from the Knife. Front Pediatr, DOI: 10.3389/fped.2017.00141
Clyne M, Duggan G, Dunne C, Dolan B, Alvarez L, Bourke B, 2017, Erratum to: Assays to Study the Interaction of Campylobacter jejuni with the Mucosal Surface. Methods Mol Biol, DOI: 10.1007/978-1-4939-6536-6_22
Scanlan E, Ardill L, Whelan MV, Shortt C, Nally JE, Bourke B, Ó Cróinín T, 2017 Apr, Relaxation of DNA supercoiling leads to increased invasion of epithelial cells and protein secretion by Campylobacter jejuni. Mol Microbiol, DOI: 10.1111/mmi.13614
Clyne M, Duggan G, Dunne C, Dolan B, Alvarez L, Bourke B, 2017, Assays to Study the Interaction of Campylobacter jejuni with the Mucosal Surface. Methods Mol Biol, DOI: 10.1007/978-1-4939-6536-6_12
Clyne M, Duggan G, Naughton J, Bourke B, 2017, Methods to Assess the Direct Interaction of C. jejuni with Mucins. Methods Mol Biol, DOI: 10.1007/978-1-4939-6536-6_10
Shortt C, Scanlan E, Hilliard A, Cotroneo CE, Bourke B, Ó Cróinín T, 2016 Sep 13, DNA Supercoiling Regulates the Motility of Campylobacter jejuni and Is Altered by Growth in the Presence of Chicken Mucus. MBio, DOI: 10.1128/mBio.01227-16
Alvarez LA, Kovačič L, Rodríguez J, Gosemann JH, Kubica M, Pircalabioru GG, Friedmacher F, Cean A, Ghişe A, Sărăndan MB, Puri P, Daff S, Plettner E, von Kriegsheim A, Bourke B, Knaus UG, 2016 Sep 13, NADPH oxidase-derived H2O2 subverts pathogen signaling by oxidative phosphotyrosine conversion to PB-DOPA. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1605443113
Pircalabioru G, Aviello G, Kubica M, Zhdanov A, Paclet MH, Brennan L, Hertzberger R, Papkovsky D, Bourke B, Knaus UG, 2016 May 11, Defensive Mutualism Rescues NADPH Oxidase Inactivation in Gut Infection. Cell Host Microbe, DOI: 10.1016/j.chom.2016.04.007
Hayes P, Dhillon S, O'Neill K, Thoeni C, Hui KY, Elkadri A, Guo CH, Kovacic L, Aviello G, Alvarez LA, Griffiths AM, Snapper SB, Brant SR, Doroshow JH, Silverberg MS, Peter I, McGovern DP, Cho J, Brumell JH, Uhlig HH, Bourke B, Muise AA, Knaus UG, 2015 Sep 1, Defects in NADPH Oxidase Genes NOX1 and DUOX2 in Very Early Onset Inflammatory Bowel Disease. Cell Mol Gastroenterol Hepatol, DOI: 10.1016/j.jcmgh.2015.06.005
Casey JP, Slattery S, Cotter M, Monavari AA, Knerr I, Hughes J, Treacy EP, Devaney D, McDermott M, Laffan E, Wong D, Lynch SA, Bourke B, Crushell E, 2015 Nov, Clinical and genetic characterisation of infantile liver failure syndrome type 1, due to recessive mutations in LARS. J Inherit Metab Dis, DOI: 10.1007/s10545-015-9849-1
Bourke B, Hussey S, 2015 Mar, Chronic infections of the small intestine. Curr Opin Gastroenterol, DOI: 10.1097/MOG.0000000000000153
Bourke B, 2015 Feb, Outcomes of children after esophagogastroduodenoscopy for chronic abdominal pain. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol, DOI: 10.1016/j.cgh.2014.08.007
Rowland M, Gallagher C, Gallagher CG, Laoide RÓ, Canny G, Broderick AM, Drummond J, Greally P, Slattery D, Daly L, McElvaney NG, Bourke B, 2015 Jan, Outcome in patients with cystic fibrosis liver disease. J Cyst Fibros, DOI: 10.1016/j.jcf.2014.05.013
Naughton J, Duggan G, Bourke B, Clyne M, 2014 Jan-Feb, Interaction of microbes with mucus and mucins: recent developments. Gut Microbes, DOI: 10.4161/gmic.26680
Alvarez LA, Bourke B, Pircalabioru G, Georgiev AY, Knaus UG, Daff S, Corcionivoschi N, 2013, Cj1411c encodes for a cytochrome P450 involved in Campylobacter jejuni 81-176 pathogenicity. PLoS One, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0075534
Naughton JA, Mariño K, Dolan B, Reid C, Gough R, Gallagher ME, Kilcoyne M, Gerlach JQ, Joshi L, Rudd P, Carrington S, Bourke B, Clyne M, 2013 Aug, Divergent mechanisms of interaction of Helicobacter pylori and Campylobacter jejuni with mucus and mucins. Infect Immun, DOI: 10.1128/IAI.00415-13
Crowley E, Bourke B, Hussey S, 2013 Feb, How to use Helicobacter pylori testing in paediatric practice. Arch Dis Child Educ Pract Ed, DOI: 10.1136/archdischild-2012-301642
Alemka A, Corcionivoschi N, Bourke B, 2012, Defense and adaptation: the complex inter-relationship between Campylobacter jejuni and mucus. Front Cell Infect Microbiol, DOI: 10.3389/fcimb.2012.00015
Corcionivoschi N, Alvarez LA, Sharp TH, Strengert M, Alemka A, Mantell J, Verkade P, Knaus UG, Bourke B, 2012 Jul 19, Mucosal reactive oxygen species decrease virulence by disrupting Campylobacter jejuni phosphotyrosine signaling. Cell Host Microbe, DOI: 10.1016/j.chom.2012.05.018
Casey JP, McGettigan P, Lynam-Lennon N, McDermott M, Regan R, Conroy J, Bourke B, O'Sullivan J, Crushell E, Lynch S, Ennis S, 2012 Jul, Identification of a mutation in LARS as a novel cause of infantile hepatopathy. Mol Genet Metab, DOI: 10.1016/j.ymgme.2012.04.017
Blackburn C, McDermott M, Bourke B, 2012 Feb, Clinical presentation of and outcome for solitary rectal ulcer syndrome in children. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr, DOI: 10.1097/MPG.0b013e31823014c0
Rowland M, Bourke B, 2011 Nov, Liver disease in cystic fibrosis. Curr Opin Pulm Med, DOI: 10.1097/MCP.0b013e32834b7f51
Rowland M, Gallagher CG, O'Laoide R, Canny G, Broderick A, Hayes R, Greally P, Slattery D, Daly L, Durie P, Bourke B, 2011 Jan, Outcome in cystic fibrosis liver disease. Am J Gastroenterol, DOI: 10.1038/ajg.2010.316
Piccin A, Cortelazzo S, Rovigatti U, Bourke B, Smith OP, 2010 Aug, Immunosuppressive treatments in Crohn's disease induce myelodysplasia and leukaemia. Am J Hematol, DOI: 10.1002/ajh.21755
Alemka A, Whelan S, Gough R, Clyne M, Gallagher ME, Carrington SD, Bourke B, 2010 Aug, Purified chicken intestinal mucin attenuates Campylobacter jejuni pathogenicity in vitro. J Med Microbiol, DOI: 10.1099/jmm.0.019315-0
Pawlikowska L, Strautnieks S, Jankowska I, Czubkowski P, Emerick K, Antoniou A, Wanty C, Fischler B, Jacquemin E, Wali S, Blanchard S, Nielsen IM, Bourke B, McQuaid S, Lacaille F, Byrne JA, van Eerde AM, Kolho KL, Klomp L, Houwen R, Bacchetti P, Lobritto S, Hupertz V, McClean P, Mieli-Vergani G, Shneider B, Nemeth A, Sokal E, Freimer NB, Knisely AS, Rosenthal P, Whitington PF, Pawlowska J, Thompson RJ, Bull LN, 2010 Jul, Differences in presentation and progression between severe FIC1 and BSEP deficiencies. J Hepatol, DOI: 10.1016/j.jhep.2010.01.034
Alemka A, Clyne M, Shanahan F, Tompkins T, Corcionivoschi N, Bourke B, 2010 Jun, Probiotic colonization of the adherent mucus layer of HT29MTXE12 cells attenuates Campylobacter jejuni virulence properties. Infect Immun, DOI: 10.1128/IAI.01249-09
Bartlett JR, Friedman KJ, Ling SC, Pace RG, Bell SC, Bourke B, Castaldo G, Castellani C, Cipolli M, Colombo C, Colombo JL, Debray D, Fernandez A, Lacaille F, Macek M Jr, Rowland M, Salvatore F, Taylor CJ, Wainwright C, Wilschanski M, Zemková D, Hannah WB, Phillips MJ, Corey M, Zielenski J, Dorfman R, Wang Y, Zou F, Silverman LM, Drumm ML, Wright FA, Lange EM, Durie PR, Knowles MR, Gene Modifier Study Group., 2009 Sep 9, Genetic modifiers of liver disease in cystic fibrosis. JAMA, DOI: 10.1001/jama.2009.1295
Rowland M, Fleming P, Bourke B, 2010 Feb, Looking in the mouth for Crohn's disease. Inflamm Bowel Dis, DOI: 10.1002/ibd.20983
Hussey S, Bourke B, Broderick A, Phelan E, McDermott M, 2008 Jul, Cryptogenic, multifocal, ulcerous, and stenosing enteritis as a manifestation of enterocolic venopathy. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr, DOI: 10.1097/MPG.0b013e3181661ad1
Fitzpatrick E, Bourke B, Drumm B, Rowland M, 2008 Apr, The incidence of cyclic vomiting syndrome in children: population-based study. Am J Gastroenterol, DOI: 10.1111/j.1572-0241.2007.01668.x
Cróinín TO, McCormack A, van Vliet AH, Kusters JG, Bourke B, 2007 Jul, Random mutagenesis to identify novel Helicobacter mustelae virulence factors. FEMS Immunol Med Microbiol, DOI: 10.1111/j.1574-695X.2006.00207.x
Byrne CM, Clyne M, Bourke B, 2007 Feb, Campylobacter jejuni adhere to and invade chicken intestinal epithelial cells in vitro. Microbiology, DOI: 10.1099/mic.0.2006/000711-0
Bourke B, Broderick A, Bohane T, 2006 Dec, Peutz-Jeghers syndrome and management recommendations. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol, DOI: 10.1016/j.cgh.2006.09.028
Bourke B, 2002 Jan, Campylobacter infection: small bowel and colon. Curr Opin Gastroenterol, DOI: 10.1016/j.cgh.2006.09.028
Rowland M, Broderick A, Bourke B, 2006 Jul, Behavioral and nutritional treatment to improve energy intake and growth in toddlers and preschool-aged children with cystic fibrosis. Pediatrics, DOI: 10.1542/peds.2006-0641
Rowland M, Daly L, Vaughan M, Higgins A, Bourke B, Drumm B, 2006 Jan, Age-specific incidence of Helicobacter pylori. Gastroenterology, DOI: 10.1053/j.gastro.2005.11.004
Hashim A, Mulcahy G, Bourke B, Clyne M, 2006 Jan, Interaction of Cryptosporidium hominis and Cryptosporidium parvum with primary human and bovine intestinal cells. Infect Immun, DOI: 10.1128/IAI.74.1.99-107.2006
Harty S, Fleming P, Rowland M, Crushell E, McDermott M, Drumm B, Bourke B, 2005 Sep, A prospective study of the oral manifestations of Crohn's disease. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol, DOI: 10.1128/IAI.74.1.99-107.2006
Rowland M, Bourke B, Drumm B, 2005 Sep, Do the Rome criteria help the doctor or the patient? J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr, DOI: 10.1128/IAI.74.1.99-107.2006
Bourke B, 2005 Jul, Will treatment of Helicobacter pylori infection in childhood alter the risk of developing gastric cancer? Can J Gastroenterol, DOI: 10.1128/IAI.74.1.99-107.2006
Bourke B, Ceponis P, Chiba N, Czinn S, Ferraro R, Fischbach L, Gold B, Hyunh H, Jacobson K, Jones NL, Koletzko S, Lebel S, Moayyedi P, Ridell R, Sherman P, van Zanten S, Beck I, Best L, Boland M, Bursey F, Chaun H, Cooper G, Craig B, Creuzenet C, Critch J, Govender K, Hassall E, Kaplan A, Keelan M, Noad G, Robertson M, Smith L, Stein M, Taylor D, Walters T, Persaud R, Whitaker S, Woodland R, Canadian Helicobacter Study Group., 2005 Jul, Canadian Helicobacter Study Group Consensus Conference: Update on the approach to Helicobacter pylori infection in children and adolescents--an evidence-based evaluation. Can J Gastroenterol, DOI: 10.1128/IAI.74.1.99-107.2006
Hashim A, Clyne M, Mulcahy G, Akiyoshi D, Chalmers R, Bourke B, 2004 Oct, Host cell tropism underlies species restriction of human and bovine Cryptosporidium parvum genotypes. Infect Immun, DOI: 10.1128/IAI.72.10.6125-6131.2004
Corbett K, Kelleher S, Rowland M, Daly L, Drumm B, Canny G, Greally P, Hayes R, Bourke B, 2004 Sep, Cystic fibrosis-associated liver disease: a population-based study. J Pediatr, DOI: 10.1016/j.jpeds.2004.05.051
Crushell E, Rowland M, Doherty M, Gormally S, Harty S, Bourke B, Drumm B, 2003 Dec, Importance of parental conceptual model of illness in severe recurrent abdominal pain. Pediatrics, DOI: 10.1016/j.jpeds.2004.05.051
Crushell E, Harty S, Sharif F, Bourke B, 2004 Jan, Enteric campylobacter: purging its secrets? Pediatr Res, DOI: 10.1203/01.PDR.0000099794.06260.71
Mooney A, Byrne C, Clyne M, Johnson-Henry K, Sherman P, Bourke B, 2003 Nov, Invasion of human epithelial cells by Campylobacter upsaliensis. Cell Microbiol, DOI: 10.1203/01.PDR.0000099794.06260.71

Funding Agency:The Health Research Board (HRA 214-PHR-662)
Project Title:The Natural History of Cystic Fibrosis Liver Disease- Refining the Phenotype
Start Date/End Date:2014-2017
Total Awarded:€325,169
Role:Co Applicant
Funding Agency:The Children’s Medical and Research Foundation Project Grant.
Project Title:Reactive oxygen species targeting the bacterial phosphotyrosine network as defence strategy against mucosal pathogens
Start Date/End Date:2012-2017
Total Awarded:€1,024,000
Name:Professor Ulla Knaus
DepartmentMedicine and Medical Science
Institution:UCD
Country:Ireland
Name:Dr Marion Rowland
DepartmentMedicine and Medical Science
Institution:UCD
Country:Ireland
Name:Dr Marguerite Clyne
DepartmentMedicine and Medical Science
Institution:UCD
Country:Ireland
Name:Dr Tadhg O’Croinin
DepartmentBiological Science
Institution:UCD
Country:Ireland
Name:Dr Séamus Hussey
DepartmentMedicine and Medical Science
Institution:UCD
Country:Ireland