Clinical research is medical research that involves people. Clinical research studies are designed to answer specific questions about health and illness. These studies give important information about how well treatments work and how safe they are.
The term ‘treatment’ can mean different types of healthcare, such as:
- Medicines or drugs to treat pain, infection, blood pressure or other sicknesses
- Vaccines to prevent infections. These include measles, mumps and rubella vaccines.
- Medical equipment such as plasters, dressings and blood sugar measuring devices
- Different types of surgery and scans of the body (X-rays)
- Physical therapies: These include different types of exercises to build strength after a sports injury or to help with balance and movement problems.
- Psychological therapies or behavioural therapy: These are therapies designed to help how we think about problems we may have.
- Educational programmes: These are programmes designed to help children and teenagers understand their medical condition.